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North West Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment - Cumbria North

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The North West Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment field survey of north Cumbria recorded the remains of one prehistoric site, 12 Roman sites, eight medieval sites, 22 post-medieval sites, 14 Second World War sites and one site of uncertain date. These sites include an Iron Age hillfort, five Roman milefortlets, a Roman cemetery, a possible section of Hadrian’s Wall vallum, a deserted medieval port and settlement, a possible medieval boundary bank, sixteen medieval and post medieval saltworking sites, a quayside, canal and railway, three Second World War bombing range markers, pillboxes and an air gunners range.

Of the sites recorded in north Cumbria, eleven are assessed as being at high risk of erosion and these include some of the most significant sites in the area, such as Swarthy Hill hillfort that is at risk of land slips, Beckfoot Roman milefortlet and cemetery that is undergoing coastal erosion, Skinburness medieval port and village that may be destroyed in 100 years, the scheduled saltworking site at Crosscanonby, whose coastal defences may not be maintained in 20 years time and the Roman temporary camp at Knockcross that is at risk of damage under plans to move the coast road further inland. These remains face various different types of threat and the challenge becomes one of appropriately managing this risk across extensive areas of shoreline undergoing active erosion in the future.

 

Links

Solway Coast AONB

Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site

 

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