North West Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment - Cheshire
The North West Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment field survey of Cheshire recorded the remains of a 12th century Cistercian Monastery at Stanlow Point, an 18th-19th century quayside at Neston and a Second World War bombing decoy in Burton Marsh. Stanlow Abbey, near Ellesmere Port is now cut-off from the mainland by the Manchester Ship Canal and was abandoned in the late 13th century due to flooding and fires. Its monks fled to the nearby Whalley Abbey and Stanlow become a grange farm. The quayside recorded at Neston was a replacement of a medieval quayside that was abandoned due to the silting-up of the Dee Estuary in the 16th century. Both sites were abandoned due to changes in the surrounding environment and these changes still affect the sites to this day.
Stanlow Abbey is the most at risk from erosion, caused by the tidal movements of the River Mersey, and the courtyard at this site is known to flood at high tide. The Shoreline Management Policy for this area is ‘Hold the Line’ meaning that existing seawalls will be maintained. The seawall at Stanlow was built in the Victorian Era and is clearly ineffective, placing the site at risk of flooding and coastal erosion.
Cheshire West and Chester Council Archaeology Section
Stanlow Abbey Scheduled Monument
Whalley Abbey Scheduled Monument
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